These dark spots may be lentigines, also known as liver spots. They are small, darkened areas of the skin and are caused by pollution in the environment.
Air pollution produces nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and scientists discovered that an increase of 10 micrograms/m3 in NO2 concentration was associated with around 25% more liver spots on their participant’s cheeks .
According to the Environmental Protection Department, the average level of NO2 in 2015 was 99 μg/m3 . In comparison, the average level of NO2 in America in 2015 was 37.5 .
The EU Ambient Air Quality Directive and WHO AQG states that the Human health limit value of NO2 for a calendar year is only 40μg/m3. This means that the NO2 levels in Hong Kong is more than double the health limit.
Being at home can expose you to more pollutants than commuting or being in your office. Some reasons for this?
Also, lower flats were surveyed to have a higher level of pollutants because they were more likely to be exposed to air traffic or construction pollutants .
Source: Civic Exchange, City University
Pollution and changes in the ozone layer changes the chemicals in the air, exposing our skin to different chemicals. Ozone is a strong oxidative agent which can cause damage to our body (such as weakening our immune system and ageing our skin) .
Contaminants in air pollution and the ozone can strip the skin of barrier lipids. Barrier lipids help retain skin moisture and keep out dirt and impurities. Without a strong skin barrier your skin will become more sensitive and premature signs of skin ageing, such as liver spots, will appear .
The pollutants also increases the production of free radicals and depletes antioxidants in our body such as vitamin E and C. Pollutants can also affect your skin’s ability to produce collagen, which helps keep your skin firm and hydrated .
Apart from the basics of cleaning your skin properly, keeping your skin hydrated and using SPF, you could also:
Antioxidants can protect your body from the harmful effects of free radicals, which are molecules that have an unpaired electron. Because of this unpaired electron, free radicals seek out electrons from other cells, oxidising them and damaging them and the tissues they form. Oxidation caused by free radicals is believed to be a primary cause of age-related degeneration and disease.
Cell Revival contains many strong ingredients which can help repair your cells and protect your body from free radical damage.
Below are some of our ingredients:
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a powerful antioxidant for the synthesis of collagen, the structural element that provides for shape and firmness in your skin. Ageing and excessive exposures to UV light or pollutants cause a decline in vitamin C in your body.
Your body cannot generate vitamin C, so you must receive it through supplements and food.
Vitamin A is an antioxidant which helps neutralise free radical damage, preventing age-related degeneration and disease. It is also essential for many biological processes such as vision, immune function, reproduction and differentiation.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant which can repair dry, cracked skin and protect against UVB damage.
Collagen is the main structural protein that provides strength and elasticity to skin, bones, cartilage and connective tissue. It can improve your skin texture and repair your skin cells .
We will be releasing a new product tailored to improving your skin later this year. Skin Revival includes effective ingredients which protects your skin from the inside, benefiting all of its layers and reducing the signs of ageing. It promotes skin regeneration, skin hydration, smooth skin, skin elasticity and reduues wrinkles and age spots. Skin Revival is also able to improve your hair vitality, protect your skin from UV rays and reduce acne.
For more information, click here